Evolution of consciousness I

Richard A. Mould

Abstract


The existence of a psycho-physical parallelism in humans and other conscious creatures requires an ‘interaction’ between subjectivity and physiology, where consci-ousness is as much a casual agent as the molecules and atoms of the system.  This interaction is illustrated in the fanciful case of an ancient fish that has a ‘painful’ experience and a corresponding physiological response.  The model gives consciousness properties of both cause and effect that are deterministic; and yet, it reflects our experience of having choice. Experiments are discussed involving PET scans with humans and autoradio-graphies with rats.  They are designed to demonstrate the influence of consciousness on concentrations of narcotics in the brain.

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